Decorative stone

5 Most Common Styles of Brick

From Ragland Clay to Meridan, there’s no shortage of options when it comes to selecting a style of brick for your project. With so many choices, it can be difficult to decide which is right for you! In this blog, we’ll discuss the unique qualities of the 5 most common styles of brick for construction, including:

  • Burnt Clay Bricks
  • Sand Lime Bricks
  • Fly Ash Bricks
  • Concrete Bricks
  • Sun-Dried Clay Bricks

Burnt Clay Bricks

One of the earliest-known types of building material, burnt clay bricks have been used for centuries, and for a good reason. The durability of the clay combined with the kiln-firing process creates a strong, sturdy material that’s ideal for any architectural structure of substance, such as:

  • Masonry walls
  • Foundations
  • Columns
  • Home exteriors

Burnt clay bricks are typically red in color, giving your interior or exterior project a classic Americana look and feel. This material is also sold in 4 different quality grades, so you can choose the level that’s best for your project — or, your budget!

Photo from Gharpedia

Sand Lime Bricks

Unlike burnt clay bricks, sand lime bricks are made without being fired in a kiln. This material is created by molding sand, fly ash, and lime under pressure. By applying this force, a chemical reaction occurs, which creates a strong bond between the materials and a smooth finish. Sand lime bricks are typically used in structural elements, but can also be used for ornamental finishes, like a fireplace hearth.

Sand lime bricks are known for their natural gray color and sleek texture, which adds a modern element to any project they’re used in. However, if you’re looking for something with a little more flair, this material also comes in colored varieties. The most common pigments added to these bricks are:

  • Red
  • White
  • Beige
  • Yellow
  • Black

Photo from AribuyBD

Fly Ash Bricks

Fly ash, the gray-colored byproduct of coal burning, is the main component of this type of brick. Although they contain some clay, fly ash bricks are lighter than their fully clay counterparts — however, they’re just as sturdy, and are a popular choice for building exteriors.

Another benefit this material offers your next project is fire resistance. Because these bricks absorb less heat than other traditional materials, they’re less susceptible to catching fire, and will also keep your home cooler in the warmer months. So, if you’re looking to build an outdoor kitchen fit for the fieriest of pitmasters, fly ash may be the brick for you!

Photo from Daily Civil

Concrete Bricks

Concrete bricks, like sand lime bricks, do not require a firing process — brick manufacturers simply pour liquid concrete into molds and let it harden. Because these bricks are only made of one material and don’t need additional bonding or firing, they’re extremely durable and cost effective. Due to their strength, this building material can be used in almost any construction project — however, you’ll want to avoid using them underground, as they are slightly porous.

While concrete bricks have traditionally been used in internal structures, they have become an increasingly popular choice for exterior projects due to their modern and slightly urban appearance. Some areas where our experts have seen increased use of concrete materials include:

  • Partition walls
  • Pathways

Photo from The Spruce

Sun-Dried Clay Bricks

Sun-dried clay bricks have been used since 7,000 BC, and are still a great option for small-scale projects. While they’re no longer the strongest building material on the market and shouldn’t be used for load-bearing supports or foundations, these bricks are an affordable way to DIY simple outdoor projects, like:

  • Planters
  • Pathways
  • Side tables

Whether you’re looking to get your building material from a trusted distributor or test your hand at making these beauties yourself, sun-dried clay bricks are a great way to add some charm to your backyard.

Photo from Research Gate

The Only Independent Brick Distributor in Memphis

No matter the project, the team at Christie Cut Stone can provide you with the high-quality brick you need. Contact our team today and start elevating your indoor or outdoor space!


Posted by Michael Christie at 2:55 PM